Berbentuk waktu lampau
1. Simple Past Tense
Kalimat sederhana bentuk lampau
S + V2
S + was/ were
was: she, he, it. Were: they, we, I, you.
Time signal: yesterday, last ... / ... ago, this morning.
Ex: Juan ate a plate of fried rice yesterday.
Rika was a bussiness woman years ago.
2. Past Continuous Tense
S + was/were + V-ing
Time signal: when, while
+ spesific time (waktu yang tepat), ex: Juan was eating a place of fried rice at 9.30 yesterday.
+ menyatakan kejadian yang sedang berlangsung ketika kejadian lain terjadi, ex: the teacher was waiting when Shinta came.
Ex: he was drinking when we opened the door
Kata kunci: simple past continuous + when + simple present tense atau bisa juga sebaliknya.
+ menyatakan kejadian yang terjadi secara bersamaan diwaktu lampau, ex: the teacher was explaining while Shinta was taking a note.
Kata kunci: simple present continuous + while + simple present continuous.
3. Past Perfect Tense
Kejadian terjadi sebelum kejadian laint erjadi di waktu lampau.
Time signal: before, after, when. When jarang dipakai.
S + had + V3
Ex: he had closed the door before he went to sleep.
Kata kunci: past perfect tense + simple present tense.
Ex: Wanda had gotten ready before Mira picked her up.
4. Past Perfect Continuous Tense
S+ had+ been+ V-ing
Time signal: for....in
Ex: When the war happened Rita and Roni been dating for 12 years in 1971.